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Alice Hall, Squeezebox Goddess, 1917-2000

February 17, 2013

Alice Hall should be on every accordionists “listen to this!” list but what little she recorded has been unavailable for decades.  It would help if playing jazz on accordion was an acceptable instrumental option – as if being a woman jazz musician didn’t offer additional obstacles.  Nevertheless the time has come for every jazz fan and certainly every accordion fan to listen to Alice Hall, and perhaps mourn what we all missed by not recognizing her earlier.

Her lack of recognition is compounded by several factors: she played accordion (and most of popular-music history was written in the period when the accordion was severely out of fashion); she played jazz (where the accordion was never common or widely accepted); and she was a woman in a world where being male had advantages (to do: change this).  Even now she is almost unknown.  I finally tracked down a copy of her only known commercial record in a Swedish accordion museum, it may not have been aired in public in half a century.

Alice Hall was born Alice Marie Laquiere in June, 1917 in Brussels, Belgium.  Her family emigrated to the US and she grew up on Detroit, Michigan.  When she was five her father started her on drums so she could accompany him, and at eleven she followed in her dad’s footsteps and began playing chromatic button accordion.  She carried on playing this instrument, unusual in the US, adopting the “finto-piano” (fake piano) keyboard that Pietro Frossini and other vaudevillians had used to hide their lack of “modern” piano skills.

Hall lacked no skills.  She ended up one of the best jazz accordionists in history, and an astonishing musician regardless of instrument.

She got her first professional jobs at age 13 on Detroit radio.  When her age made it hard to find club-dates her dad opened his own club, The Blue Star where he could watch over her.  She had a group with her sister Rae (Rachel) on drums and later second accordion, and they got significant attention during the War when many women musicians got the opportunities when men were in the service.  In Billboard Magazine’s Music Year Book in 1943, her quartette advertised its latest dates as, “2 Boys, 2 Girls, Sax, Piano, Accordion, drums.”   After the war she continued with her small combo.

She admitted later that she wasn’t that interested in recording, “I was too busy gigging to record much.”  According to a 1997 NPR interview – after she attracted attention from being featured on the Planet Squeezebox anthology – she told how Benny Goodman asked her to join him on tour, but the club owner where she was on contract wouldn’t release her.  She also turned down Jack Teagarden’s invitation to join his band saying, “Playing with a big band, you know how many chances you get to play sixteen bars of something or eight bars of something and that’s it?  You know, there’s nothing there….  I wanted to prove that something can be done on this instrument, other than playing just the ordinary, “Jolly Caballero” stuff, you know?  So I proved it!” [Alice Hall NPR interview, Jan 6, 1997]

She stuck with her own group where she had control and could play freely what she wanted to play.  She was “indy” before they figured out how to market that.  As a result, she only made one known commercial recording.  A single 78 rpm disk for Capital Records in about 1949.  The two sides of this record, standards “Caravan,” and “Pennies from Heaven,” reveal a scorching soloist joyfully scatting along with herself on bop improvisations.  Capitol had her on a year-long contract, but she never recorded with them again. [Billboard Apr 24, 1948 pg 37.] When she died in June of 2000, her record had been out of print for fifty years. [Queen of Jazz Accordion Passes Away]

The only other known recording of her classic groups is a self-produced cassette tape released in the 1980s containing recordings from the 50s and on.  Her trio and quartets feature, but the recording quality is live and unpolished.  We hunted for copies of this record for our radio show for six years, searching in archives and on-line auctions.  It does not disappoint. Hall is a force of joyous energy having a good time.  More’s the pity she didn’t get to record in a studio again.

She guested on the barrier-breaking Nat King Cole’s radio show prior to his short run challenging racial segregation on TV in 1956-57.  She and Cole had the same manager and if she had been on Cole’s TV show, footage of her performing would be a great treat. She moved out west and played Los Vegas clubs for years.

And yet, in the 1970s, she disappeared from the music scene entirely.  Talking with Dean Olsher on NPR she told how she’d fallen into a deep depression when she found out her husband was cheating on her, and eventually checked herself into an institution where she did not speak for almost ten years.  In 1985 she emerged and returned to a changed world for the accordion.  What had been a scrappy up-and-coming instrument in the 1950s had fallen into its own depression.  She became an energetic booster of the instrument during perhaps its lowest ebb of popularity.  Alice lived until June of 2000, long enough to watch the beginning of the revival of her instrument, and to perhaps inspire new generations, though we have yet to see anything like a replacement for her as queen of the jazz accordion.

She worked and played with Benny Goodman, Lena Horne, Dizzy Gillespie, Duke Ellington, Peggy Lee, and Nat Cole.  Her list of admirers is impressive: Ellington, Benny Goodman, Benny Carter, Jack Teagarden.  Louis Armstrong said, “Nobody teaches you to play that kind of music.  You gotta feel it.”

Jazz virtuoso Leon Sash and his wife, bassist Lee Morgan were great friends of Hall’s.  They later said that when she was sixty years old, she was attacked by a mugger when she already had a broken arm.  She was having none of it and knocked the guy unconscious with her cast.  Alice Hall was not to be trifled with.

Alice’s 1950’s performance of “What is this Thing Called Love?” was included on the Planet Squeezebox Anthology (and also a French anthology and I think a Russian “Women Accordionists” one).  This cut is originally from Alice’s epic 26-track live recording self-released on cassette in the 1980s. (There is a historical compilation waiting to happen here.)  Enough to show the tragedy that she didn’t get to do a “Buena Vista Accordion Club” thing with older musicians brought back to honour.  That would have been a show to see.  I miss her.
OTHER SOURCES:‘s entry on Alice. (in Spanish)

The Golden Age of the Accordion, Flynn Publications, 1992

Alice Hall article (undated) from the FOTA: Friends of the Accordion (Los Angeles) Newsletter.  (Courtesy of Zeke Hand.)

“Alice Hall” notes from the 3-CD (or old-school cassette!) Planet Squeezebox anthology, Ellipsis Arts, 1995.

11 Comments leave one →
  1. August 13, 2015 3:25 pm

    dear bruce, i stumbled across the alice hall you tube clip of “caravan”. had to search for more which lead me here. i’m very interested in hearing the cassette you speak of. how could i do this? i’m an accordionist from melbourne australia. the scene for accordion here seems to have mirrored the us experience of having been big then stalling late 60’s, but has been slowly but steadily on the up since the mid 80’s. bands like “weddings,parties anything”, early “black sorrows” and “zydeco jump” made me realise there was a place for accordion in contemporary music. i play with a band called “the band who knew too much” we play often, travel a lot and it’s top fun. thanks so much for accordion noir. though i haven’t listened as often as i would like. every time i do i hear great music i’ve never heard before. i have learnt a lot from those podcasts. keep up the great work. cheers dave evans

    • August 14, 2015 1:08 pm

      Hi David, I got half way through your note and broke away to start gathering what I have of Alice’s work. I’m uploading it now, but my internet is slow, slow, so it might take a while. I’ll email you to let you know where/when it should be available.

      I have a total of 31 tracks, including an interview she gave on public radio in 1997 when the Planet Squeezebox anthology included a track of hers. That recording of “What is This Thing Called Love,” is originally from one of the longer tapes I have. Not great quality, but it’s all we’ve got.

      The tapes consist of eight tracks from the Alice Hall Trio from 1949 or 1950; about five from the Alice Hall Quartet (year unknown); and thirteen tracks from two live dates (I think) by either the Quartet, or some just labeled “Alice Hall.”

      Also a couple of things from a date in the 1990s. I think I forgot to include in the big download one where she’s playing drums (her first instrument, playing in her dad’s band.)

      I’ve never heard of any more recordings from her. There may be some out there with family or otherwise. I wish there was.

      • September 7, 2015 10:41 am

        Bruce, I have been searching for years trying to find a copy of the cassettte that Alice self-released back in the 1980s. I was beginning to believe that it was an urban myth. If there is anyway you might let me know how I can get a copy of what you have I would forever be in your debt.


      • September 7, 2015 4:16 pm

        Hi Chet,

        Alice may be worth mythologizing, but the recordings do exist. Took me six years to find a copy of what we came to think of as “The Party Tape,” (actually mostly recorded at clubs, but noisy like a home-tape). Then I stumbled on a copy of her only (as far as I know) 78 at this Swedish accordion museum, which I noticed this week seems to have disappeared? Their online audio collection was amazing! I got several neat things from them. That’s how reliable the internet is for knowledge preservation. We’re burning our Alexandria as fast as we fill it.

        I’ll email you to connect with the Alice recordings. Thanks for writing!

  2. November 6, 2017 8:19 am

    Hi Bruce,

    Is there anyway I could hear all 31 songs you’ve collected? I’m a woman jazz accordionist, and as there are so few of us written about in jazz history, it would mean the world to me to hear more than just the three youtube videos uploaded.

  3. joris permalink
    December 26, 2019 6:54 am

    Dear Bruce,
    Thank you so much for sharing your “treasure”! It’s a real contribution for my artistic evolution and i guess for any jazz accordionist. I think I just found the master to follow here, and specially by her play on the left hand!
    Do you know who plays the second accordion in the alice hall quartet ? Is it her sister ?

    Keep up your great and helpful work !

    • December 26, 2019 5:40 pm

      Hi Joris,

      Alice is inspiring still! So glad to hear people connecting with her.

      Checks notes (I have a lot of notes, the annotated version of my book should include at least the references to these sources):

      Alice’s sister Rae is mentioned playing drums, piano, organ, and second accordion. Alice later hired and married Jack Cookerly who also played accordion with her.

      The Alice Hall Trio credited with the two sides she released with Capital may have just been her on solo accordion. It’s hard for me to tell if she’s pulling it all off herself on “Caravan.”

      Alice’s sister is mentioned on second accordion in the book Histoires de l’Accordéon by Francois Billard and Didier Roussin (1991). I don’t know where they got their information from. Possibly talking directly with Alice. Alas, my writing came a decade or more too late to talk with most of the subjects. Pretty much everything I know is from little snippets like this.

      Let’s see, the French in Billard on page 329 says:

      “Son père va bientôt céder ses baguettes à la sœur d’Alice, Rachel. Elle monte ensuite son premier groupe important formé, en plus de l’accordéon, d’un orgue, d’un saxophone ténor, d’une contrebasse et d’une batterie. La formation va se réduire à un trio et, pendant la guerre, Alice écume les clubs, trouvant énormément d’engagements. Elle explique modestement que cela était dû au fait qu’une grande majorité des accordéonistes mâles étaient sous les drapeaux. Le trio devient bientôt quartette, avec sa sœur Rachel en second accordéon, une basse et une batterie. Quelque temps après, sa sœur ayant quitté le navire pour cause de mariage, elle engagea l’accordéoniste Jack Cookerly qui deviendra bientôt son mari…”

      an English translation of pg 329 (Not sure if it’s accurate?):

      “Her father would soon hand his drumsticks [“baguettes”] to Alice’s sister, Rachel. She then went on to form her first major band, in addition to the accordion, it had organ, tenor saxophone, double bass and drums. The group was reduced to a trio and, during the war, Alice played clubs, finding a lot of gigs. She modestly explains that this was due to the fact that a large majority of male accordionists were in the service. The trio soon becomes quartet, with her sister Rachel as second accordion, plus bass and drums. Some time later, her sister having jumped ship due to marriage, she hired accordionist Jack Cookerly, who would soon become her husband….”


      Billboard’s 1943 Music Year Book said Alice’s sister Rae played piano in the Quartet in 1943. They were “Alice Hall’s Quartette: 2 Boys, 2 Girls, Sax, Piano, Accordion, Drums.” They’re mentioned on several pages in that Billboard 1943 Yearbook. Pages 164, 195, and 198 each have tiny clippings.

      Pg 164 has the most detail in a text-only layout of “Cocktail Combos” (probably in exchange for the ads in the other parts of the issue?):
      “Alice Hall Quartet: Alice Hall fronts a combo which includes two boys and two girls, all musicians and all entertainers. Their instrumentation includes sax, piano, accordion and drums. Originally a trio, Alice has recently augmented her group. She herself plays the accordion and sings; Rae Hall, sister, drums and sings pops and oldies. Arnold Santi is featured on the saxophone. Boogie-woogie work on the accordion is one of the unit’s highlights. Outfit is continuing indefinitely in the Town Casino, Chicago. Managed by Consolidate Radio Artists.”

      The April 24, 1948 Billboard Magazine (pg 37) has a little note about Hall signing with Capitol Records. Says her Trio by then consisted of “Alice Hall, playing a bop-styled accordion, surrounded by by Warren Pasek on bass and Cliff Johnson’s drums.”

    • December 26, 2019 5:43 pm

      Ask a simple question, get back “everything I know, and I wish there was more.” 😉


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